Plants can be grown indoors year round using a grow box.
A grow box is a partially or completely enclosed system for raising plants indoors or in small areas. Grow boxes are used for a number of reasons, including lack of available outdoor space or the desire to grow vegetables, herbs or flowers during cold weather months. They can also help protect plants against pests or disease.
Grow boxes may be soil-based or hydroponic. The most sophisticated examples are totally enclosed, and contain a built-in grow light, intake and exhaust fan system for ventilation, hydroponics system that waters the plants with nutrient-rich solution, and an odor control filter. Some advanced grow box units even include air conditioning to keep running temperatures down, as well as CO2 to boost the plant’s growth rate. These advanced elements allow the gardener to maintain optimal temperature, light patterns, nutrition levels, and other conditions for the chosen plants.
Key growlight options include fluorescent bulbs, which offer relatively limited light output; High Intensity Discharge (HID) bulbs such as High Pressure Sodium (HPS) and Metal Halide (MH); and Light-Emitting Diode (LED) bulbs, which are becoming more energy-efficient.
In different sizes and degrees of complexity, grow boxes are also referred to as grow cabinets and stealth cabinets – the latter term is common when used to grow illegal plants, such as marijuana in the U.S. A full-room version of a grow box is a growroom.
Important basic parts of grow cabinet
Grow cabinets have many different pieces of equipment that improve plant growth and yields. The system, once all together, will usually allow its owner to control all conditions inside the
cabinet to make them perfect for growth. Below is a chart of different pieces of equipment on many commercially-built cabinets.
|Names of Equipment||Use/Benefits||Types|
|Carbon Filter||– Prevents smells from escapinginto areas around the grow.||– Cylinder filters in different heightsand diameters.|
|Lighting Systems||– Allow for control of seasons, increasedenergy up take, and etc. over sun light.||– CFL (Compact Fluorescent Light),- HID (High Intensity Discharge)- LED|
|Hydroponic Systems||– Growing plants in nutrient solution- Allows for increased nutrient uptake – Better yields and growth rates over soil growing||DWC (Deep Water Culture), Aeroponics,Drip Systems, EB & Flow Systems, Floater Systems, and Wick Systems|
|Ventilation||– Allows for circulation of air throughoutcabinet system. – Allows for controlling humidity and temperature conditions.||Includes:- Induct Fan – Rotating Fan – Light Hood Cooling Fan|
|CO2 Systems||– Allow for control of CO2 levels toimprove photosynthesis rates||Includes:- Cans that slowly release it and are completely disposable. – Tank systems that slowly release CO2 from a tank at a set rate (Better way to go)|
|Water Filtering System||– Allow for filtering of nutrient solution totake out particles that are harmful for plants but also could damage your hydroponic system.||– Many different types from Inline filtersto filtering systems placed in nutrient solution.|